Aerodrome is a concept that comes from the Greek language. The term is used with reference to the flat surface that has runways and the necessary equipment for aircraft to land and take off.
The concept of an aerodrome is very similar to the notion of an airport. The dictionary of the Digopaul clarifies that an airport also consists of a flat surface with runways and equipment for the movement of aircraft although, in this case, these facilities allow regular traffic by air vehicles (aircraft in particular ).
According to these definitions, an airport is a public airfield with the necessary infrastructure and services so that hundreds or thousands of people can simultaneously use air transport. In other words: an airport is a type of aerodrome.
The aerodromes, in short, are land with certain constructions and facilities that serve for an aircraft to take off or land. There are aerodromes that are private, although their operation must be regulated by the authorities that control the airspace of the territory in question. In everyday speech, it is not common to use the terms aerodrome and airport interchangeably, since the former is mainly associated with the activities of small aircraft, especially for activities within the scope of the military and sports.
Sports aerodromes are those intended for short-term recreational flights. They usually have a single runway and hangars for aircraft, which can be aerobatic planes, gliders, or even hot air balloons.
Military airfields, also known as military bases, are used for the movement of aircraft of the armed forces. For security- related reasons, it is normal for them to be located far from the cities.
In general, the term aerodrome is used to refer to a flight field of limited dimensions, although with services such as car rental and the hiring of taxis, among others. In the military field, the concept usually alludes to an airport in which the aircraft are not left permanently. Similarly, the part of the aerodrome that consists of the taxiways, take-off and landing (the airfield) is usually found in aerodromes intended for private aviation, for sports purposes and the ships are very light; its tracks may not be made of cement, but traced over expanses of earth or grass.
One of the best known aerodromes is La Cervera, which is located in the Spanish city of Cáceres, a short distance from the capital. Its creation took place with the aim of replacing the Cáceres aerodrome, in the second half of the 1970s, when the latter ceased to be used for military purposes.
At that time, the state government had a development plan in force that offered some low-income cities the means necessary to build new airports; Cáceres, who was then in the development stage, fulfilled all the requirements, and for that reason his administration agreed to said help. The site chosen to start the construction of the aerodrome was the homonymous farm, which had a total extension of 274 hectares.
As of today, the Cervera aerodrome has various hangars, which are intended for ultralight and light aircraft. The main track, on the other hand, has not ceased to be compacted earth. In one of the adjoining land lies a model airplane club, which also rents one of the ski flight to the aerodrome to carry out their activities.