Barbour County, Alabama

Barbour County is located in the southeastern part of Alabama, bordered by the Chattahoochee River to the east and the state of Georgia to the northeast. Covering an area of approximately 905 square miles, the county seat is Clayton, while Eufaula is the largest city. The county is known for its rolling hills, fertile farmlands, and the picturesque Lake Eufaula, which provides numerous recreational opportunities.


According to Alabamaswitcher, Barbour County has a population of approximately 25,000 residents. The population is diverse, with a mix of ethnic and racial backgrounds. The majority of residents are African American and White, with smaller percentages of Hispanics and other groups. The county has a balanced age distribution, with young families, working-age adults, and a significant number of retirees. The median household income is lower than the state average, reflecting both the rural nature of the county and ongoing economic challenges.


Barbour County was established on December 18, 1832, from portions of Pike County and Creek Indian land. The county was named in honor of James Barbour, a former governor of Virginia and U.S. Senator. Throughout its history, Barbour County has been influenced by various cultures, including Native American, European settlers, and African American communities. The county played a significant role during the Civil War and has continued to evolve through the 19th and 20th centuries into a community with a rich cultural heritage.

Geography and Climate


Barbour County’s topography is characterized by its rolling hills, fertile plains, and abundant waterways. The county’s landscape is marked by the presence of the Chattahoochee River, which forms its eastern boundary and provides a source of water and recreational activities. Lake Eufaula, also known as Walter F. George Lake, is a major feature of the county, offering boating, fishing, and other water sports. The varied terrain supports a diverse range of flora and fauna, contributing to the county’s natural beauty.

Climate and Weather Patterns

Barbour County experiences a humid subtropical climate, characterized by hot, humid summers and mild, wet winters. Average summer temperatures range from the mid-70s to the mid-90s Fahrenheit, while winter temperatures typically range from the mid-40s to the mid-60s Fahrenheit. The county receives an average annual rainfall of approximately 52 inches, with the wettest months being July and August. The region occasionally experiences severe weather, including thunderstorms, tornadoes, and the remnants of tropical storms and hurricanes.

Historical Background

Early History and Settlement

Before European colonization, the area now known as Barbour County was inhabited by the Creek Indians. European settlers began arriving in the early 19th century, drawn by the fertile land and strategic location along the Chattahoochee River. The establishment of Eufaula as a major trading post and river port in the 1830s marked the beginning of significant European settlement. Agriculture, particularly cotton farming, became the dominant economic activity, supported by the labor of enslaved African Americans.

Civil War Era

During the Civil War, Barbour County was a site of significant military and strategic importance. Eufaula served as a supply center for the Confederacy, and several skirmishes and troop movements occurred in the area. The county’s economy, heavily reliant on agriculture, suffered greatly during and after the war. The Reconstruction era brought challenges, including economic hardship and social upheaval, as the county transitioned from a slave-based economy to one characterized by sharecropping and tenant farming.

Modern Development

The 20th century saw gradual economic and social development in Barbour County. The construction of the Walter F. George Dam in the 1960s created Lake Eufaula, transforming the local landscape and boosting tourism. Agricultural practices diversified, and new industries emerged, including manufacturing and services. Despite economic challenges, the county has made strides in improving education, healthcare, and infrastructure, contributing to its overall growth and development.

Economy and Industry

Agricultural Roots

Agriculture has been the backbone of Barbour County’s economy since its early settlement. The fertile soil and favorable climate make it ideal for farming. Historically, cotton was the primary crop, but over time, the agricultural sector diversified to include peanuts, corn, soybeans, and livestock. Family farms and larger agricultural enterprises coexist, contributing to the county’s economic stability. The county is also known for its timber industry, with vast tracts of forested land supporting logging and wood products manufacturing.

Industrial Growth

The mid-20th century marked a period of industrial growth for Barbour County. The establishment of various manufacturing plants, including those in textiles and automotive parts, transformed the economic landscape. These industries provided employment opportunities and attracted a skilled workforce to the area. The presence of major highways and railways further supported industrial development, facilitating the movement of goods and raw materials.

Current Economic Landscape

Today, Barbour County boasts a diversified economy with a mix of agriculture, manufacturing, tourism, retail, and services. The county’s strategic location and business-friendly environment attract new investments and foster economic growth. Major employers in the region include healthcare providers, educational institutions, technology firms, and hospitality businesses. The county’s economic development efforts focus on promoting innovation, supporting small businesses, and enhancing infrastructure.

Government and Politics

Local Government Structure

Barbour County operates under a commission form of government, with elected commissioners representing different districts within the county. The commission is responsible for setting policies, overseeing county services, and managing budgets. Additionally, the county has various departments and agencies that handle specific functions, such as public safety, health, and public works.

Political Landscape

The political landscape of Barbour County is predominantly conservative, with the majority of voters supporting the Republican Party in local, state, and national elections. However, there is also a presence of Democratic and independent voters. Political engagement in the county is active, with residents participating in community meetings, local elections, and civic initiatives.


Primary and Secondary Education

Barbour County is served by two public school systems: the Barbour County School District and the Eufaula City School District. These systems operate several elementary, middle, and high schools, providing education to the county’s children. The school systems are committed to providing quality education and offer various programs to meet the needs of students. In addition to public schools, the county has private and parochial schools that provide alternative education options.

Higher Education Institutions

Barbour County is home to several higher education institutions, including Wallace Community College and satellite campuses of larger universities such as Troy University and Auburn University. These institutions offer a wide range of undergraduate and graduate programs, providing educational opportunities for county residents and attracting students from outside the region.


Road Networks

Barbour County is well-connected by a network of major highways and roads, including U.S. Highway 431 and U.S. Highway 82, which facilitate north-south and east-west travel. State Route 51 and State Route 30 are other significant roadways that facilitate intra-county travel and connect Barbour County to neighboring regions. The county’s road infrastructure supports the movement of goods and people, contributing to its economic vitality.

Public Transportation

Public transportation options in Barbour County are limited, with most residents relying on private vehicles for commuting. However, there are efforts to improve public transit services, particularly for underserved communities and those without access to personal transportation. The county collaborates with regional transit authorities to provide transportation solutions.

Airports and Other Facilities

The nearest major airport to Barbour County is the Dothan Regional Airport, located approximately 50 miles south of Eufaula. This airport offers commercial flights to various destinations and serves as a convenient travel hub for county residents. Additionally, there are smaller airstrips and private aviation facilities within the county that cater to private pilots and small aircraft.

Culture and Community Life

Cultural Institutions

Barbour County has a vibrant cultural scene, with several institutions dedicated to preserving and promoting the area’s heritage. The Eufaula-Barbour County Chamber of Commerce, the Eufaula Heritage Association, and the Barbour County Historical Society are key organizations that host events, exhibitions, and educational programs. The county’s libraries also play a crucial role in providing cultural and educational resources to the community.

Festivals and Events

The county hosts numerous festivals and events throughout the year that celebrate its rich history and diverse culture. Notable events include the Eufaula Pilgrimage, an annual tour of historic homes that attracts visitors from across the region. Other popular events include the Eufaula Indian Summer Festival, the Christmas Tour of Homes, and local farmers’ markets. These events foster community spirit and provide opportunities for residents and visitors to engage in cultural and recreational activities.

Recreation and Attractions

Parks and Outdoor Activities

Barbour County offers a wealth of outdoor recreational opportunities. Lake Eufaula, known as the “Bass Fishing Capital of the World,” is a major attraction for fishing enthusiasts. The lake also provides opportunities for boating, water skiing, and swimming. The Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge offers hiking trails, bird watching, and wildlife observation. Additionally, the county has several parks with amenities such as playgrounds, sports fields, and picnic areas.

Historic Sites

The county is home to numerous historic sites that offer a glimpse into its past. The Eufaula National Historic District features well-preserved antebellum homes and buildings, reflecting the architectural styles of the 19th century. The Shorter Mansion, Fendall Hall, and the Seth Lore Historic District are notable landmarks that attract history buffs and tourists. These sites offer guided tours and educational programs that highlight the county’s historical significance.

Other Attractions

In addition to its natural beauty and historic sites, Barbour County has various attractions that cater to different interests. The Eufaula Community Center offers recreational facilities, including a swimming pool, fitness center, and sports courts. The Eufaula Country Club provides golfing opportunities with scenic views of Lake Eufaula. The county’s local museums and art galleries showcase regional art, history, and culture, offering enriching experiences for residents and visitors.

Notable Figures

Influential Personalities from Barbour County

Barbour County has been home to several notable figures who have made significant contributions in various fields. Among them is George W. Carver, an African American scientist and inventor known for his work in agriculture and botany. Other notable personalities include William Lowndes Yancey, a prominent political leader and advocate for Southern rights, and George Wallace, a former governor of Alabama known for his controversial stance on segregation. These individuals have left a lasting legacy and continue to inspire the community.

Future Prospects

Economic Development Plans

Barbour County’s future prospects are promising, with ongoing efforts to promote economic development and enhance the quality of life for residents. The county’s economic development plans focus on attracting new businesses, supporting existing industries, and improving infrastructure. Initiatives to develop industrial parks, expand broadband access, and enhance transportation networks are key components of these plans. Additionally, the county seeks to diversify its economy by promoting sectors such as tourism, technology, and renewable energy.

Community Initiatives

Community initiatives play a vital role in shaping the future of Barbour County. Local organizations and government agencies collaborate on projects aimed at improving education, healthcare, and social services. Efforts to enhance public safety, promote environmental sustainability, and foster community engagement are also underway. The county’s commitment to community development is reflected in programs that support youth, senior citizens, and underserved populations. By addressing the needs and aspirations of its residents, Barbour County is poised for continued growth and prosperity.

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