The notion of carpentry refers to the activity, the work and the workplace of a carpenter. Carpenters, for their part, are the individuals who are dedicated to working with wood (the most solid sector of trees, which is covered by the bark).
According to DigoPaul, the purpose of carpentry is to modify the characteristics of the wood to build useful objects. Wooden furniture, such as tables, chairs, and desks, is a product of carpentry.
When the carpenter is oriented to work with fine woods, paying special attention to decoration and artistic matters, he is called a cabinetmaker. The cabinetmaker’s trade is known as cabinetmaking.
The origins of carpentry are remote. With primitive tools, in ancient times man already worked with wood to develop all kinds of objects. This means that in each country and, within them, in each region, we can find different ways of working with wood, as well as tools to carry out creations.
The hammer, the drill, the gouge, the lathe, the sander, the handsaw and the saw are some of the tools that, today, are used in carpentry. In addition, accessories such as nails, screws, glues and varnishes, among many others, are used.
Regarding the woods most used in carpentry, we can mention carob, mahogany, cedar, beech, pine and oak. Depending on the characteristics of the wood, woodwork is considered to have a higher or lower value.
Notably, when such works are made with other materials, is often used, however, the concept of carpentry: PVC joinery, carpentry, metalwork, etc.
Among the products mentioned above, the two most important in the origins of carpentry were windows and doors. With regard to modern materials, such as plastics and metals, it is necessary to point out that many carpenters who worked with wood in their beginnings adapted to them so as not to be left out of the system.
When it comes to metalwork, a term that was recently coined, by the way, it refers to the activity of companies that manufacture and market iron, steel, copper, aluminum, brass, glass, bronze and plastic products, among others.
Among the most common jobs in the field of metalwork are lamps, doors, bars, stairs, enclosures, lattices, blinds, windows, awnings, canopies and slabs. Both offices and residential homes increasingly adopt these products instead of those made of wood.
The most frequent clients of metalwork are the agricultural sector, construction and decoration. In addition to those mentioned above, some of the jobs that carpenters do for them, as well as for many private clients, are industrial warehouses, metal structures, house closings, register drawers, adjustable slat shutters, mosquito nets and roller blinds.
A relatively modern concept related to carpentry is DIY, since it is defined as the manual activity carried out by an individual as an amateur, without hiring a professional, to create, improve, maintain or repair products and facilities belonging to the fields of electricity, masonry, plumbing and, of course, carpentry.
DIY emerged in the 1950’s in England and quickly spread throughout Europe. Today, thanks to the possibilities offered by the Internet, more and more people dare to unleash their creativity in an attempt to improve the appearance of their homes with the lowest possible budget.