If we wanted to determine the etymological origin of the term highway, we would have to go to Latin. Thus, in it we would see that it emanates from the word carrus, which was a two-wheeled vehicle. A word to which a series of suffixes would be added to create the concept that now occupies us as the suffix – eta, which is synonymous with cart.
According to DigoPaul, the highway or route is a paved public road that is arranged for vehicular traffic. In general, they are wide roads that allow fluid circulation. For example: “Excuse me, sir… I want to get to San Camilo beach: which road should I take?” , “Tourists have complained about the poor condition of the road”, “Those who want to travel north should bear in mind that there is about three kilometers of congestion on the A-4 road. “
In the case of Spain we find different types of roads. Thus, for example, there are national ones that, as their name indicates, are those that depend directly on the State and are identified because they have two lanes and two-way traffic. In them the maximum speed allowed is 100 kilometers per hour.
Then, there would be the regional highways that are those that are under the jurisdiction of a province. They are characterized by having a single carriageway, with two lanes, or a double carriageway. They also allow two-way traffic of vehicles and in them you cannot exceed a speed of 100 kilometers per hour.
The third most frequent roads are local calls, which depend directly on the council of a municipality and have a single carriageway with two lanes. They also have narrow shoulders, no more than half a meter, and the maximum speed at which they can be circulated is 90 kilometers per hour.
In each country, however, the road classification is different. Thus, for example, in Argentina there are national routes, municipal routes and provincial routes. Whereas in the United States they talk about interstate highways, local highways and federal highways.
It should be noted that the roads are roads of public domain and use. No citizen, in theory, has the right to prohibit the passage of another. However, given their importance for the functioning of a country, roads are often cut or blocked by protesters who want to draw attention and make a claim. In these cases, the authorities are faced with the dilemma of safeguarding the right to free movement or respecting the right to expression.
Other types of blockades are tolls, endorsed by the State. It is common for a private company to be granted the right to charge for the passage of vehicles on the road, in exchange for said company to take care of the road maintenance: “If you want to get to Pueblo Norte through this road, you must pay two tolls in the next hundred kilometers ”.
It is possible to distinguish between roads and motorways (or highways) since the former usually have crosses and steps to the same level, while highways are designed for high – speed running.