San Marino Country Facts

San Marino
Capital city San Marino
Surface 61 km²
Population 33,000
Road network length 220 km
Length of highway network 0 km
First highway N/A
Motorway name N/A
Traffic drives Right
License plate code RSM

San Marino, formally the Republic of San Marino (Italian: Repubblica di San Marino) is a mini-state in southern Europe, surrounded by Italy. The country has 33,000 inhabitants. The capital is San Marino of the same name.

Geography

San Marino is an enclave in central Italy, 10 kilometers from the Adriatic coast near Rimini. The country measures 8 by 9 kilometers and is hilly. Monte Titano is the highest point at 749 meters. There are no rivers of any size. The country has a Mediterranean climate with warm summers but rather cool winters. The average maximum temperature varies from 7°C in January to 30°C in July. There is approximately 600 mm of precipitation per year, fairly evenly throughout the year, but with a peak in autumn.

Demographics

San Marino grew from approximately 10,000 inhabitants in 1900 to 20,000 inhabitants in the 1970s and 30,000 inhabitants around 2005. It has not seen the large population growth as some other European mini-states.  San Marino consists of a number of small towns that have grown together along the main road to Rimini. San Marino is divided into 9 municipalities. The largest town is Dogana with 9,000 inhabitants. The capital Città di San Marino has 4,000 inhabitants and is located on a mountain ridge.

Economy

San Marino has a level of prosperity comparable to Italy. The economy of San Marino is strongly intertwined with that of Italy, for example the Italian VAT rate also applies in San Marino. Tourism accounts for more than 20% of GDP. San Marino does not belong to the European Union, but pays with the euro.

History

San Marino was founded in 301 as a chapel of Saint Marinus. In 1631, San Marino’s independence was recognized by the Pope. During the Italian unification at the end of the 19th century, San Marino was not involved, it continued to exist as an enclave in Italy. The country was not directly involved in the First and Second World War on the side of the Allies or the Axis, but was briefly occupied by the Germans in 1944 and then liberated by the Allies. San Marino had the world’s first democratically elected communist government between 1945 and 1957.

Road Network

San Marino has one major main road with 2×2 lanes from Rimini to San Marino town. In addition, there is a main road from San Marino to the west. Other roads are no more than country roads.

Signage

The curve shield of San Marino.

The signage in San Marino is the same as in Italy. The bend warning shields in San Marino are different from Italy, they are yellow-red.

Road numbering

There is no road numbering in San Marino.

Maximum speed

The speed limit in San Marino is 50 km/h in built-up areas and 70 km/h outside built-up areas. The main road of San Marino usually has 2×2 lanes, but because the road is largely within built-up areas, the speed limit here is also often 50 km/h.

 

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