Carrera is a notion with several uses. In this case we will keep its meaning as the competition in which the participants try to reach a goal before their opponents. Speed, meanwhile, can refer to the speed of a movement.
The idea of sprinting, therefore, refers to a competition that consecrates those who travel faster than the rest. That is, with greater speed. Whoever reaches the finish line first in a sprint race does so before the other competitors.
Under the concept of sprinting, various athletic events are grouped together that lead athletes to try to run as fast as they can. The most famous sprint race is one that involves traveling a distance of 100 meters. Anyway, there are sprints of 200, 400 and up to 800 meters.
In general, these speed races take place on specific tracks (athletics tracks). The runners start all at once when they hear a sound signal trying to reach the finish line as soon as possible. The competitor who finishes first wins the race.
The athlete who holds the world record in 100-meter sprinting is often regarded as the fastest man in the world. This qualification falls, since 2009, on the Jamaican Usain Bolt, who came to cover 100 meters in just 9.58 seconds. The fastest woman in the world, meanwhile, is Florence Griffith Joyner with a time of 10.49 seconds in the 100 meters.
In this context, we understand speed as the quality that gives us the ability to travel a certain distance in the shortest time possible. Starting from this base and taking into account both the duration and the intensity used in the effort of the race, two classes of speed can be distinguished: the pure (also called sprint speed) and the speed-resistance.
We can develop pure speed by running short stretches, ranging from 10 to 50 meters, using our potential to the maximum, and in this way the white muscle fibers are activated, precisely those that allow us to achieve the highest performance when running..
The sprint race should not be confused with an impromptu competition in the context of an afternoon outdoors: it is a strictly regulated event and that only the best prepared people can set out to pass. The wear energy is considerably high, so during the first practice a break is recommended tours every few meters, with a total goal of no more than 400 meters. For every 10 meters, it is normal to recover between a minute and a half and two.
With regard to speed-resistance, it is developed in sections that go from 60 to 300 meters, making use of approximately 90% of our maximum possibilities. The effort in these cases is considered “submaximal” and the recovery between repetitions must be short, so that we can develop resistance against fatigue.
As lactic acid accumulates in this training for sprinting, the need for oxygen is accentuated, and therefore the red fibers are also activated. A cumulative distance that does not exceed 1200 meters is recommended, with a recovery of 4 minutes every 100 meters traveled.
The sprint race is an athletic competition that humans have been developing for a long time. There are historical accounts that documented tests of this type in ancient Greece, where they were carried out to honor the god Zeus at Olympia. As has happened in many other areas, machismo meant that women had to wait several decades until they could participate in this and other tests that men already had access to.